Great things to see about liberty

New York

* AUBURN. Harriet Tubman House, 180 South Street. Home of the runaway slave who went back down South and helped more than 300 slaves escape to freedom. For information, call (315) 252-2081.

* COOPERSTOWN. Fenimore House. About a mile north of NY 80. Home of James Fenimore Cooper, the novelist and author of The American Democrat. For information, call (607) 547-2533.

* ELMIRA. Center for Mark Twain Studies, Elmira College. There are exhibits about Mark Twain as well as the Octagon Cottage where he spent summers writing The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and other works. For information, call (607) 735-1800. See also The Mark Twain Archive on the second floor of the Gannett-Tripp Library at Elmira College.

* ELMIRA. Woodlawn Cemetery, 1200 Walnut Street. Where Mark Twain was buried, following his death on April 21, 1910.

* HARTSDALE. Ferncliff Cemetery. Where Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises was buried three days after his death on October 10, 1973, at 92.

* IRVINGTON-ON-HUDSON. Foundation for Economic Education, 30 South Broadway. World's largest collection of material on 19th century French libertarian publicist Frederic Bastiat, on Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises, American economics journalist Henry Hazlitt and other important authors on liberty. For information, call (914) 591-7230.

* ITHACA. Library, Cornell University. This has America's largest collection of material on Lafayette. They have a 1785 life mask of Lafayette. For information, call (315) 255-3530.

* NEW ROCHELLE. Thomas Paine Cottage, 20 Sicard Street. Paine lived here after he returned from Europe. For information, call (914) 632-5376.

* NEW YORK CITY. Daniel Chester French statue of Lafayette, Prospect Park, Brooklyn.

* NEW YORK CITY. The Great Hall, Cooper Union, 51 Astor Place, Manhattan. This is where, in the spring of 1867, Mark Twain first spoke to an Eastern crowd (on his experiences in the Sandwich Islands), and this exposure in New York is believed to have had a major impact on his subsequent career.

* NEW YORK CITY. Ellis Island, where some 17 million men, women and children entered the United States between 1892 and 1954. Their descendants number more than 40 million. The Ellis Island Immigration Museum has splendid exhibits on the whole history of immigration to America. The American Immigrant Wall of Honor records the names of more than 400,000 people, and there's a great view of the Statue of Liberty and the Manhattan skyline. It's free. Ferries leave from Castle Clark in Battery Park. For information, call (212) 363-3200.

* NEW YORK CITY. Jewish Museum, 1109 Fifth Avenue, Manhattan. Documents the 4,000-year history of this persecuted, ever resourceful people. For information, call (212) 423-3230.

* NEW YORK CITY. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Fifth Avenue at 82nd Street. Portraits of America's Founders; paintings relating to the American Revolution, such as Washington Crossing the Delaware by Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze (1850); scenes of people enjoying private life, the focus of 17th century Dutch and French and American Impressionist artists. For information, call (212) 650-2225.

* NEW YORK CITY. J. Pierpont Morgan Library, 29 East 36th Street, Manhattan. Has the world's largest collection of material on the witty libertarian dramatist William S. Gilbert and his collaborator, the composer Arthur Sullivan. For information, call (212) 685-0008.

* NEW YORK CITY. New York Public Library, Fifth Avenue between 40th and 42nd streets, Manhattan. Think of a hero or heroine for liberty, then see what you can see in the Library's vast archives of illustrations and rare documents. Thomas Jefferson's handwritten copy of the Declaration of Independence is here, and so are manuscripts by Thomas Paine, Frederick Douglass, Albert Jay Nock, H.L. Mencken, Isabel Paterson and other heroes and heroines for liberty. For information, call (212) 930-0800.

* NEW YORK CITY. Gallatin House, New York University, Washington Square North, Manhattan. The Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises taught an influential graduate seminar on economics at this University from 1948 to 1969. It was held at Gallatin House between 1959 and 1964. The other years, at the University's downtown Graduate School of Business Administration, Trinity Place.

* NEW YORK CITY. Players Club, 16 Gramercy Park South, Manhattan. A private gathering place established by Mark Twain, among others. For years, the 20th century American individualist Albert Jay Nock used this as his official address.

* NEW YORK CITY. Statue of Liberty, erected in 1886. Still an awesome place after all these years. You can take an elevator up 10 stories and walk from there to the crown or climb every one of the 352 stairs (the equivalent of going up 22 stories). There will be a wait, so figure on a visit of two or three hours. Ferries leave from Castle Clark in Battery Park. For information, call (212) 363-3200.

* NEW YORK CITY. New York Stock Exchange, 20 Broad Street, Manhattan. Visitor Center on the third floor. For information, call (212) 656-5165.

* NEW YORK CITY. 14 West 10th Street, Manhattan. A house where Mark Twain lived after returning from the round-the-world speaking tour that enabled him to pay off his debts.

* NEW YORK CITY. 120 East 34th Street, Manhattan. Where Ayn Rand died on March 6, 1982, at 77.

* NEW YORK CITY. 36 East 36th Street, Manhattan. Where Ayn Rand wrote her blockbuster philosophical novel Atlas Shrugged, published in 1957.

* NEW YORK CITY. 777 West End Avenue, Manhattan. Ludwig von Mises lived here with his wife Margit for more than 20 years, until his death in 1973.

* NEW YORK CITY. City Hall Park. Sculpture of Nathan Hale by Frederick MacMonnies (1893).

* NEW YORK CITY. Union Square, Manhattan. Sculpture of Lafayette by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi who was sculptor of the Statue of Liberty.

* NEW YORK CITY. Woodlawn Cemetery, Webster Avenue and E, Manhattan. Where Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who brought the natural rights philosophy to the movement for women's rights, was buried following her death on October 26, 1902, at 86.

* RIVERDALE. Wave Hill, West 249th Street and Independence Avenue, off the Henry Hudson Parkway, overlooking the Hudson River. This is an 1843 mansion and fabulous garden where Mark Twain lived with his ailing wife Libby from 1901 to 1903. For information, call (718) 549-7368.

* ROCHESTER. Susan B. Anthony House, 17 Madison Street. Where the great activist for woman suffrage lived more than 40 years. For information, call (716) 235-6124.

* ROCHESTER. Frederick Douglass Memorial, Central Avenue and St. Paul Street.

* ROCHESTER. Mt. Hope Cemetery, on Mt. Hope Avenue, where Susan B. Anthony and Frederick Douglass were buried.

* SENECA FALLS. Women's Rights National Historic Park. This marks the beginning of the American movement to achieve equal rights for women. The National Historic Park includes Declaration Park, Weslyan Chapel, Elizabeth Cady Stanton House, Hunt House and the McClintock House. The National Historic Park is about 15 minutes off New York State Thruway, exit 41, to route 414 and routes 5/20. For information, call (315) 568-2991.

* VALHALLA. Kensico Cemetery, 273 Lakeview Avenue. Where novelist and philosopher Ayn Rand was buried following her death on March 6, 1982. For information, call (914) 949-0347.

Other countries and states:

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Additional articles:

Wall Street Journal calls The Triumph of Liberty -
"a literary achievement"

Voices for liberty in the ancient world
The first yearnings to be free were expressed in Greek epics, tragedies and comedies

The man who helped finance the American Revolution
During desperate years, merchant Robert Morris came through with money and munitions so that George Washington could win

Ancient Roman contributions to private property rights
The Romans replaced tribal property with private property and worked out the details about how ownership should be proven and transferred.

How toleration developed in modern Europe and America
Courageous individuals defied the terrors of the Inquisition and denounced religious wars.

The story of Magna Carta
King John's wars and taxes stirred England's barons to protect their interests by rebelling against him, and they set an enormously important precedent for liberty which benefited everyone.

The best of H.L. Mencken, witty American defender of liberty
This prolific newspaperman and literary critic still entertains and enlightens us today.

How private enterprise created modern Japan
The government's railroads, shipping, silk-reeling and other ventures all lost money. Private entrepreneurs achieved wonders.

Runaway slaves!
Far from being contented and docile, American slaves dreamed of liberty, and thousands rebelled or ran away. Inspiring resistance to oppression.

The strange battle for the U.S. Bill of Rights
Those who initially wanted it ended up voting against it, and those who never wanted it made it happen

Why has liberty thrived in the West?
This is where enough people stuck out their necks for liberty.

"Honor is a harder master than the law"
At 58 and in ailing health, Sam Clemens (Mark Twain) was plunged $94,000 in debt by business failures. True to his word, he repaid everybody.

Liberty as a woman
Throughout history, liberty has been depicted as a woman on coins, in engravings, paintings, statues and more. Here are illustrations from ancient Rome, France and America.

Private initiative spurred vital discoveries throughout history
Language, geography, science and other essentials of civilization were diffused around the globe by private initiative.Political liberty impossible without economic liberty
The life and times of F.A. Hayek. The New Yorker called the twentieth century "the Hayek century."

Political liberty impossible without economic liberty
The life and times of F.A. Hayek. The New Yorker called the twentieth century "the Hayek century."

Thomas Jefferson in perspective
How can friends of liberty still defend him after the relentless attacks of historians and biographers during the last quarter century?

How markets nurtured our civilization
Many people seem to imagine that markets and commerce are only about money, yet they made civilization possible. They brought people into contact with new ideas and things. Civilization has flourished where commerce has flourished.

Most dramatic orator in the American antislavery movement
Although Wendell Phillips isn't as well known today as William Lloyd Garrison, the pioneering journalist for abolishing slavery, or Frederick Douglass who provided the most compelling testimony, Phillips was more effective than anyone else stirring crowds against slavery.

Socialism's greatest enemy
How this great Austrian economist recognized the fatal flaws of a government-run economy 7 decades before the collapse of the Soviet Union made it obvious to all that he was right.

They created the first modern agenda for liberty
Dubbed the "Levellers" by their adversaries, these mid-17th century English rebels championed private property, religious toleration, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, free trade, a rule of law, a separation of powers, a written constitution, and they opposed military conscription.

William S. Gilbert's wicked wit for liberty
Most quotable lines by the dramatist whose comic operas, created with composer Arthur Sullivan, are still going strong after more than a century (reportedly performed more than the work of any other songwriting team except the Beatles). Mark Twain and H.L. Mencken enjoyed Gilbert's barbs at bureaucrats and politicians.

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